To begin with, Researchers must make it a point to carry out their research proposal in order to publish their term paper in good standing with appropriate professional bodies. It is likely that ethical question or misconduct could be confronted in your journal when research is submitted for publication.

Professional Ethics of authors
To all intents and purposes, this journal maintains the principle of the scientific document. As a member the journal will adhere the COPE guidelines on how to deal with potential acts of misconduct.  
Authors should desist from misrepresenting the upshot of the research which could damage the trust in the journal, the professionalism of scientific authorship, and ultimately the entire scientific venture. Keeping the ethics of the research and its presentation is helped by following the rules of good scientific practice, which include*:
The manuscript should not be submitted to more than one journal for simultaneous consideration.

  • A single study should not be split up into various snippets of information to increasingly the quantity of submissions and submitted to different journals or to one journal over time.
  • Concurrent or secondary publication is sometimes justifiable, provided certain conditions are met. Examples include: translations or a manuscript that is intended for a different group of readers.
  • Conclusions should be presented plainly, fairly, and without concoction, irrelevant data (image based manipulation). Authors are asked to strictly follow the rules for obtaining, choosing and processing data.
  • No data, text, or theories by others are presented as if they were the author’s own (‘plagiarism’). Proper acknowledgements to other works must be given.
  • Authors must make sure they have the privilege of using software, questionnaires/ (web) surveys and scales in their studies.
  • Authors should keep away from untrue statements about an entity (who can be an individual person or a company) or descriptions of their behavior or actions that could potentially be seen as personal attacks or allegations about that person.
  • Research may be misapplied to pose a threat to public health or national security should be clearly identified in the manuscript (e.g. dual use of research). Examples include creation of harmful consequences of biological agents or toxins, disruption of immunity of vaccines, unusual hazards in the use of chemicals, weaponization of research/technology (amongst others).
  • Authors are advised to make sure the author group, the Corresponding Author, and the order of authors are all correct at submission. Adding and/or deleting authors during the revision stages is not permitted, but in some cases may be warranted. Reasons for changes in authorship should be expicated. Please understand that changes to authorship cannot be made after acceptance of a manuscript.

*All of the above are guidelines and authors need to make sure to respect third parties rights such as copyright and/or moral rights.
Upon request authors should be predisposed to send fitting documentation or data in order to confirm the weightage of the results presented. This could be in the form of raw data, samples, records, etc. Sensitive information in the form of confidential or proprietary data is excluded.
If there is suspicion of misbehavior or alleged fraud the Journal and/or Publisher probes into an investigation following COPE guidelines.  Soon after investigation, there are reasonable concerns, the author(s) concerned will be contacted under their given e-mail address and given an opportunity to address the issue. Depending on the situation, this may result in the Journal’s and/or Publisher’s implementation of the following measures, including, but not limited to:

  • If the manuscript is still under consideration, it may summarily be rejected and returned to the author.
  • If the article has already been published online, depending on the nature and severity of the infraction:
  • An erratum/correction may be placed with the article
  • An expression of concern may be placed with the article or in severe cases retraction of the article may occur. The reason will be given in the published erratum, expression of concern or retraction note. Please remember that retraction means that the article is well maintained on the platform, watermarked “retracted” and the explanation for the retraction is provided in a note linked to the watermarked article.
  • The author’s institution may be intimated.
  • A notice of suspected transgression of ethical standards in the peer review system may be covered as part of the author’s and articles bibliographic record.

Fundamental errors
Authors must take ownership in corrections mistakes once they find out an important error or inaccuracy in their published article. The author(s) is/are requested to contact the journal and explain in what sense the error is affecting the article. A decision is basically framed on the nature of the error. The retraction note should give transparency which parts of the article are impacted by the same error. It can be a correction or retraction.

The primary affiliation for each author should be the institution where the majority of their work was done. If an author has moved, the current address may be stated. Addresses will not be changed at any cost.

Changes to authorship
Authors are advised to confirm the correct author group, the Corresponding Author, and the order of authors at submission. Changes of authorship by adding or deleting authors, and/or changes in Corresponding Author, and/or changes in the sequence of authors are not accepted after acceptance of a manuscript.

! Please remember that author names will be published exactly as they appear on the accepted submission!
Please ensure that the names of all authors are present and distinctly spelled, and that addresses and affiliations are current.
Adding /or deleting authors at revision stage are not permitted, but in some cases it may be warranted. Reasonable reasons should be discussed in detail should be explained. Approval of the change during revision is the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief. Please remember that journals may frame individual policies on adding /or deleting authors during the process of revision.

Deceased or incapacitated authors
Supposing, a co-author dies or is incapacitated during the process of writing, submission, or peer-review process, and the co-authors feel it is to mention the author; co-authors should get approval from a (legal) representative which could be a direct relative.

Authorship issues or disputes
In the case of an authorship dispute during peer review or after acceptance and publication, the Journal will not be in a position to investigate. Authors will be asked to find an answer to the dispute themselves. If they are unable to withdraw a manuscript from the editorial process guidelines, the journal reserves every right to take decision without reservation.

Authors should consider all communication with the Journal as confidential which covers correspondence with direct representatives from the Journal such as Editors-in-Chief and/or Handling Editors and reviewers’ reports unless explicit consent has been received to share some pieces of information.

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